The threshing floor of Saint-Joseph

Edifice civil - Patrimoine agricole

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LA GARDE-FREINET

This great paved space was used to separate the wheat from the chaff, in provençal : la caucade.

In the south of France, a team of mares was used to trample the wheat under foot. In other places, other methods, such as the flail, were preferred. And from the beginning of the nineteenth century, the horses were replaced, in the course of time, by rollers.


Once they were separated from the ear, the grains of wheat had to be cleared of their impurities. To do this, they were piled onto a wicker basket, shaken vigorously, the wind carrying off the debris. The winnowing process could also be carried out by a tarare, a mechanical ventilator which, undoubtedly, was much more efficient.

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