Grimaud Castle

Château fort

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GRIMAUD

Listed monument dating back to the 11th century. The late 13th century fortified walls encircled part of the village and castle. Reworked in the 15th century, the castle was then destroyed during the Religious Wars. Rebuilt in the mid-17th century, it was abandoned after the French Revolution. Comprising a main building flagged by two towers, whose ruins reveal the three inner floors, this highly-fortified castle was protected by two walls, the largest of which was seven metres high. Today, just one more-or-less intact vaulted room remains.

As early as the 11th century., a castrum, is attested in Grimaud. It included a castle, a church and houses surrounded by a rampart. The present wall, built at the end of the 13th c. on houses, included the seigneurial castle and the medieval village. A Part of the remains of this village is today covered by an outdoor theatre where happens each summer the festival of Grimaldines-music of the world. The castle, built at the highest point, symbolized the power of the lord. Hence, beyond its defensive role, it was intended to impress the peasants and residents of Grimaud as well as soldiers besieging it in time of war. The crenellated wall is punctuated by loopholes. In its upper part, holes of beams and projecting stones can be seen supporting a wooden covered way.


The castle of Grimaud was a strategic point of observation on the plain of Giscle, coastal river, and on the gulf of Grimaud, called today gulf of St-Tropez. From the Middle Ages to the French Revolution, Grimaud was the major seigniory of the Freinet. Freinet was a geographical, administrative and political entity including approximately twelve municipalities of the present cantons of Grimaud and St-Tropez. This plain subjected to the regular overflowing of Giscle, was made fertile by its silt. At that time, one could find meadows, cereal and vegetables that were cultivated but also saffron, narcissus and other flowers. To day vineyards, fruits and vegetables are the primary resource. By turning round, we can see the two round towers and wall built in the middle of the XVIIth century during a reconstruction of the castle. Its openings are decorated with veined blue-green serpentine marble, extracted from local quarries and an ornamental element, characteristic of our area.


The top of the Grimaud Castle


The top of the castle includes the big right angled tower built at the end of the XVth century during one of the reconstructions of the building. The groundfloor did not have a door, and was used as a storage room. It could be reached by the floor throught an opening in the ceiling from the upper. It was later transformed into a water tank. To its right we can see in the wall, markss of a staircase leading to the covered way. To the south, lower down, we perceive the remains of a kitchen. On the left, notice a sink carved in the mother rock. In the center a chimney and remains of two staircases: The first one, more ancient, is a spiral staircase the second, built in the XVIIth century, was made of re-used black basalt and green-blue serpentine blocks. The Grimaud castle is classified as an historical monument.

Prestations
Address
Château de Grimaud
83310 Grimaud
Informational
Office de Tourisme
679 Route Nationale
83310 Grimaud
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